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What is solution dyed (dope dyed) fabric?

red solution dyed cloth napkin on the table

Table of Contents

There are many high-quality rentals and outdoor textiles with solution-dyed fabric. It will not change color after prolonged outdoor UV exposure or high-temperature bleaching in the laundry. In this article, you will learn what solution-dyed fabric is, the advantages of solution-dyed fabric, and the uses of solution-dyed fabric.

How is solution dyed fabric produced?

solution dyed fiber production process

solution-dyed, also known as dope dyed. In solution dyeing, pigments are added to the liquid polymer solution before synthetic fibers are extruded, thoroughly mixed with the color and textile raw materials, and processed into various colors of short fibers or filament fibers as needed. Finally, solution-dyed fiber is spun into yarn and can be woven into any fabric.

What are the advantages of solution-dyed fabrics?

1. Won’t fade or bleed

The colors and materials in the solution dyed fabric are entirely integrated, and it has a very strong color fastness to UV resistant and high-temperature washing. And it still will not fade or bleed after high-intensity bleaching. Therefore, the solution dyed fabric is Ideal for outdoor and rental textile-related products.

The traditional dyeing process is to make the dye enter the inside of the fiber under the condition of high temperature and high pressure. The dye is usually on the surface of the fiber. Colors tend to change after multiple high-temperature washes or bleaching.

solution dyed fiber

2. Tiny color difference between batches

The color difference between each batch of solution-dyed fabric is minimal Because he uses physical mixing to mix the pigments and polymers. The color hardly changes each time it is produced, and the color difference between batches is usually above 4.5 grade. A batch can have up to 100 tons of fibers of the same color. It is very beneficial to improve product quality and customer experience.

The traditional dye fabric is susceptible to changing color due to factors such as dyeing temperature, dyeing time, and manual operations. The color difference between batches is generally around 3 – 4 grade. A maximum of 1 ton of the same color fabric can be produced in one batch.

3. Anti-ultraviolet

The solution-dyed fabric will not fade after a long period of ultraviolet light. Therefore, it is suitable for some textiles used outdoors and on balconies.

The traditional dyeing fabric color usually becomes very light under the long-term irradiation of ultraviolet rays.

traditional dye fiber

4. More environmentally friendly

The solution-dyed fiber production process requires very little water and does not pollute the water. The traditionally dyed fabrics must be washed repeatedly in hot water, creating large amounts of wastewater and a drain on electricity. Solution dyeing is a fantastic technology that saves up to 60% of water consumption and reduces CO2 emissions compared to traditional dyeing processes.

What are the disadvantages of solution-dyed fabrics?

1. Large MOQ

Solution dyed fabrics usually require an order of 10 tons to produce, and factories smaller than 10 tons may charge additional fees. Because the quantity is not large enough, additional raw material waste will be generated.
Traditional dyed fabrics can usually be dyed by 400kg.

2. Long production cycle

If it is a new color, it is necessary to produce color masterbatch first, then produce solution dyeing fiber, spinning, weaving, and cleaning. The whole process takes about 60-80 days.
Traditional dyed fabrics usually have blank fabrics in stock, which need to be shipped to the dyeing factory for dyeing. A new color takes about 10 days.

Which products can solution dyed be applied to?

solution dyed cloth napkins table cloth

The solution-dyed fabric is very suitable for table linen rental service in the laundry—for example, table linen, cloth napkins, tablecloths, etc.

The color of traditionally dyed napkins will change after several washes and cannot be consistent with the newly invested napkins in the follow-up. The customer will feel very bad.

The solution-dyed cloth napkins will be like new after the high temperature and intense chemical washing in the laundry. The color will not change no matter how they are washed. After one year of use, the color of solution-dyed cloth napkins is as same as the napkins that have not been used. Very exciting.

To Conclude:

Solution dyed fabric has excellent resistance to washing and UV fastness. Therefore, it is suitable for use in scenarios where frequent washing or outdoor use is required. In addition, compared to conventional dyeing processes, it is less polluting to the environment and uses less energy.

Johnson Li

Johnson Li

Bachelor's degree in Textile Engineering. More than 10 years of experience in fabric dyeing technology in printing and dyeing factories.

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